Three days ago I broke earth near one of our corn fields to plant a few rows vegetables in what I call the experimental garden. The point of this garden is to show how little effort and money can be used to make a garden that will at least supplement store bought food. Generally speaking the bigger the garden, the more food that will be produced and as a result the more money saved from not having to buy carrots and radishes at your local WINCO, or Whole foods, depending on which end of the grocery chain spectrum you come from. But for many people, especially those who live in the city, a large garden isn’t possible. For this reason I only made this garden 10 feet by ten feet.
The first major thing I had to do was find a spot to plant in. From what I’ve been able to gather so far is that gardens are a bit like real estate its all about location, location, location. You pick the wrong side of the house to plant in and you’ll find yourself with a bunch of dead seeds filling a hole in the ground, mixed with a bit of sweat.
The best places to start growing food depends on what you plant (I admittedly don’t know very much about flowers and won’t really talk about them because it wouldn’t be much more then hot air and empty print). Most vegetables enjoy a lot of sun and will fail to produce much more then disappointment if they don’t get it. If a spot gets more then six hours of sunlight a day it is considered Full Sun. There are some food-plants that survive with less sun and they can thrive in Partial Sun. A spot is considered Partial Sun if it gets between 4-6 hours of light a day. There are more than these two categories, but for vegetable gardening these are the two that are really important.
This website offers a deeper description of all the different amounts of sunlight that different plants need.
For this project I wanted Full Sun. I have a limited time to get from planting to harvest and need strong, fast growing plants.
Here’s a good generalized list of what plants need how much light. This website also has a lot of insight into starting gardens in general.
I am admittedly breaking some rules in my attempt to get up quick and get out. I have radishes, spinach, arugula, and two types of lettuce that I’m putting underground. The lettuce will grow but this late in the season it’s going to come out bitter. However, lettuce grows quick and I have a little under 50 days here in Tennessee before I need to start cutting off heads and pulling up radish for my return trip home.
I would suggest looking up the website to some master gardeners or colleges with agriculture programs in your area to see the best times to grow in your region. If there isn’t anything near you, or if your too eager ( I fell into this category my first time around. I just wanted to get something in!), you can always just read the packet and get a good idea of what you can plant and when.
Tomorrow I’ll explain the process that goes into turning your ground over to get something that you can actually plant in.